Author: Jim Co | Published on: 26 Oct 2017, 22:38 Tags: mahal, taj | Category:

Taj Mahal

He bequeathed to India and the world its most knew beautiful mausoleum. Following the standard Mughal architectural arrangement, write Sheila. Blair and Jonathan. The Art and Architecture of Islam (1994), the tomb is set in a large quadripartite chahar bagh garden that measures about 1,900 feet by 1,000 feet. The tomb stands at the north end of the garden along the riverbank balanced by a large gateway on the south. In plan and massing, note Blair and Bloom, the mausoleum refines the model provided by Humayun's tomb at Delhi. However, the great bulbous tomb of the Taj Mahal is set on a higher drum; its octagonal rooms in the corners are more logically connected; and the tomb is framed by four гитара tall minarets. The carefully balanced image, reflected in the water channel dividing the garden, is enhanced by the superb polish and detailed carving of the marbles, write Blair and Bloom. Built in red sandstone on the sides of the platform and enshrining the mausoleum are two structures: a mosque ( masjid ) to the west and a guest house (mihman khana) to the east. Visitors to the Taj Mahal will discover the ingenious, harmonious perspective of the gardens and canals which towers the massive form of the mausoleum. At the intersection of the canals, the shimmering waters of a wide ornamental pool reflect the vaporous silhouette of the Taj Mahal and the outline of the tall, elegant cypress trees, underlining the subtle symmetry of the whole. In the book, islamic Art (1991 Barbara Brend writes that the mausoleum, flanked by attendant structures, stands on a terrace at the north end of the garden; it is thus seen as the culmination of a perspective, its marble surfaces changing hue as the sun.

taj Mahal

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After his wifes death, Shah Jahan reportedly locked himself in his rooms and refused food for eight days. According to legend, when the emperor emerged from his seclusion, his black beard - visible in many Mughal miniature paintings - had turned completely white. For the monument to his wife, Shah Jahan chose a site occupied by sprawling gardens on a bend in the left bank of конец the Yamuna River. Author Christine Moorcroft writes. The Taj Mahal (1998) that Shah Jahan may have chosen this specific site because of its beauty and because there was a clear view of the site from the imperial palace at the Red Fort. Poet Rabindranath Tagore describes the monument as rising above the banks of the river like a solitary tear suspended on the cheek of time. Refuting the romanticism of the aforementioned, many contemporary historians contend that the Taj Mahal is a mausoleum far too imposing to commemorate the memory of one woman, even the favorite wife of an emperor, write Amina Okada and.C. Some historians believe, continue Okada and Joshi, that behind the monuments beauty and majesty of form, behind the purity of its line, and behind the sober refinement of its decoration is an autocratic ruler vaunting his grandeur and munificence to the world. While the monument is clearly funereal, these historians also perceive a symbolic and allegorical significance for the mausoleum - a significance equally accounted for by the omnipotence of a sovereign infatuated with his own grandeur. Even if the Taj Mahal represents just one more jewel in the imperial crown of Shah Jahan, note Okada and Joshi, the emperor still must be credited with having made of the death of a spouse a symbol of lasting beauty.

  • Taj Mahal

Taj, mahal - Wik"

Known for its symmetry, the Taj Mahal sits on a raised platform surrounded by four minarets. Inside are delicate mosaic works and marble walls adorned with intricate patterns of feel inlaid precious stones. The emperor Shah Jahan is said to have celebrated the anniversary of voenvideo his wife's death in the mausoleum, kneeling before the cenotaph of white marble studded with gems and semiprecious stones, as prayers were offered up for the peace and repose of the empress soul. Mumtaz Mahal, whose name means Chosen One of the Palace, had been more than the emperors wife. Indeed, Shah Jahan had a number of wives. But Mumtaz Mahal was the love of his life. She was his best friend and his most trusted political adviser. Mumtaz Mahal bore 14 children; seven of them survived. She died in 1631 after giving birth to a healthy baby girl.

About 20,000 people built the Taj Mahal, and it took 22 years. The crowning jewel of Indo-Islamic architecture, the Taj Mahal is one of the worlds most beautiful and beloved structures. The monument was built in Agra, India, for Mumtaz Mahal. Taj Mahal - Tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal.



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